Does the New Central Intake Office PNP Check-list Signal an Upcoming Wave of Negative Substituted Evaluations?

On December 1, 2011, Citizenship and Immigration Canada released a new document check-list for people intending to apply for permanent residency as provincial nominees.  Gone are the days when a province’s nomination certificate demonstrated that an individual could establish themselves economic establishment in Canada.  Now, in addition to the nomination certificate, applicants will have to submit copies of educational diplomas and transcripts, as well as reference letters from all employers for the past ten years.

Sections 3.6-3.8 of Annex B of the Canada – British Columbia Immigration Agreement states that:

3.6  Canada agrees to process economic class applicants nominated for permanent resident status by British Columbia on a priority basis and as expeditiously as possible with a view to achieving Canada’s annual levels plan.

 

3.7  Canada will consider a nomination certificate issued by British Columbia as evidence that British Columbia has conducted due diligence in exercising its authority to assess and nominate candidates pursuant to section 3.1, 3.2 and 3.3 of this Annex.

 

Section 3.8 goes on to note, however, that Canada retains the right to substitute a negative evaluation if it disagrees with the province’s assessment.  It states:

3.8  British Columbia is responsible for conducting the due diligence to ensure that the applicant has the ability and is likely to become economically established in British Columbia.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, Canada retains the right to substitute its evaluation of the applicant’s ability to become economically established in Canada pursuant to subsection 87(3) of the IRPR.  In exercising its responsibilities under sectionsC.2 and C.4 of Appendix C of this Annex, Canada may also seek clarification from British Columbia on its assessment, the record of which is required under sections 3.4 and 5.3.4 of this Annex. The visa officer may request additional documentation from the nominee which supports the nominee’s ability and likelihood to become economically established in British Columbia.

 

The new check-list suggests that Citizenship and Immigration Canada will now automatically be asking for additional documentation from all nominees to show that they are likely to become economically established in British Columbia.

So the questions have to be asked.. does Citizenship and Immigration Canada no longer think that BC is conducting proper due diligence? And, are we about to see a wave of negative substituted evaluations?


Alberta Suspends US Visa Holder and Family Stream Categories

Effective August 23, 2010, the Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program is no longer accepting applications under either the AINP U.S. Visa Holder Category or the Family Stream. Any applications that were postmarked before August 23rd will continue to be accepted.
Continue reading →


Changes to Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program Strategic Recruitment Stream

Flickr photo by bulliver

On March 14, 2011, the Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program expanded the Strategic Recruitment Stream to include both Compulsory and Designated Trades. Under the program, temporary foreign workers in Alberta can apply for permanent residency if:

  • They intend to and be able to live and work permanently in Alberta.
  • They have an Alberta Qualification Certificate in a compulsory or optional trade.
  • They have an AINP invitation letter from Alberta Industry Training.
  • They are residing in Alberta at the time of application and possess valid work permits from Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) in the trade in which they are certified.
  • They are either currently working in their trade for an Alberta Employer or have previously worked in their trade with an Alberta Employer for a minimum of six months in the past two years.

A list of the compulsory and optional trades can be found on the Alberta government’s website here.


BC PNP Statistics

The British Columbia government has released a report on the province’s Provincial Nominee Program (“BC PNP”).   Introduced in 2001, the BC PNP has become one of the most preferred routes for people immigrating to Canada.  I personally believe that the number of people admitted to the program’s current cap of 3,500 nominations should be increased with a corresponding decrease in some of the federal programs.

The Strategic Occupations Stream

The report reached the following conclusions about the Strategic Occupations Stream, which consists of numerous programs designed to attract skilled or future-skilled workers to British Columbia.

  • From 2005-2010 (mid-year), the BC PNP nominated almost 10,000 workers who were employed by over 4,600 employers.  The top 5 source countries in order for the BC PNP Strategic Occupations Stream during this period was the United Kingdom, China, the Philippines, the United States, and Korea.
  • 25% of nominees settled outside of the Metro Vancouver region.  This is significantly larger than the 10% of Federal Skilled Workers who immigrate to British Columbia that settled outside the Lower Mainland, and the incredibly small 6% of Federal Business Class immigrants.
  • 94% of people nominated continue to live in British Columbia.  86% of people remain in the community where they planned to live at the time of nomination. 87% of nominees where still working in the same occupation as when they were nominated.  77% were working for the same employer.
  • 94% of nominees surveyed were working full time.  BC PNP Skilled Workers reported an average annual pre-tax income of approximately $88,200 in 2009, compared with $64,000 for Federal Skilled Workers.
  • 2% of BC PNP Skilled Workers and 7% of BC PNP Entry Level and Semi-Skilled nominees had incomes that did not meet the Statistics Canada Low Income Cutoff.  By comparison, about 11% of all families in British Columbia had incomes below the LICO.

The Business Stream

The report reached the following conclusions about the Business Stream, which consists of numerous programs designed to attract investment to the province.

  • From 2005 to 2010 (mid-year), 203 entrepreneurs nominated in the business stream invested $423-million into the provincial economy, and created over 1,100 jobs.  The top 5 source countries in order for the BC PNP Business Stream during this period was China, the United Kingdom, Korea, the United States, and Taiwan.
  • 70% of businesses created under the program are created outside of the Lower Mainland.
  • 68% of people were still actively involved in the business for which they were nominated.  Their average annual business revenue in 2009 was $589,500.
  • 93% are still living in British Columbia.  75% have purchased a home.

 


Permanent Residency for Low-Skilled Workers

In addition to the family class stream and the availability of an exemption to a visa requirement based on humanitarian & compassionate grounds, it is possible for low-skilled workers to immigrate under provincial programs designed to facilitate permanent residency for people in certain “low-skilled or semi-skilled” occupations. In British Columbia, this program is known as the “Entry-Level and Semi-Skilled Pilot Project”.
Continue reading →


Manitoba PNP: Canada’s Most Used PNP Program | 近半PNP移民前往緬省

Manitoba is located in the prairies. Its population is the fifth largest in Canada, at 1,232,654. It’s capital city is Winnipeg, where 60% of Manitoba’s population live, and is where four of the province’s five universities are located. It also has Canada’s most successful provincial nominee program.
Continue reading →


Live in Care Givers, PNP Acceptance Rates

According to CIC, during the past 12 months the approval rate for different application streams for permanent residence has been as follows:

Immigration Category Approval Rate

Economic

Quebec Skilled Workers

97%

Federal Skilled Workers (Pre-C-50)

57%

Federal Skilled Workers (Post C-50)

21%

Entrepreneurs

76%

Self Employed

45%

Investors

82%

Provincial Nominees

96%

Live-In-Caregivers

99%

Canadian Experience Class

85%

Family

Parents and Grandparents

91%

Spouses & Partners

83%

Dependent Children

80%

Family Class (Other)

70%

Humanitarian

Government Sponsored Refugees

76%

Private Sponsored Refugees

69%

Refugee Dependents

86%

H&C Applications

70%

FCH – Family Relations – H&C

90%


Christy Clark – Putting Families First

On February 26th, 2011, Christy Clark won a hotly contested contest for the leadership of the B.C. Liberal Party. This means that she will become Premier within the next couple weeks. One of her priorities is to put “families first”. Few specifics have really yet been offered regarding what policies this involves. One way that Christy Clark can improve the circumstances of thousands of British Columbian families is to introduce a “Family Stream” into the British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (“BC PNP”).
Continue reading →