PNP Participants Denied Entry at the Border

During the past couple months, our office has received several frantic phone calls from people (often real estate agents or bankers) telling us that a family who was immigrating to Canada under a Provincial Nominee Program was detained by the Canada Border Services Agency when they arrived in Canada, that they were informed that their permanent resident visas were being revoked, and that they had to leave Canada as soon as possible, if not immediately.

In almost every case, the issue that arose was that the family could not convince CBSA of their intention to reside in their nominating province.  In some instances, the provincial nominees readily acknowledged that they had no intention to reside in their respective nominating provinces.  Other times, they tried their best to convince CBSA of their intention to reside in a certain province, but were unable to convince CBSA of their sincerity.  One particularly memorable case involved a family that had been nominated by Saskatchewan.  The family arrived at Vancouver International Airport with no connecting flight to Saskatchewan.  Furthermore, CBSA was aware of the fact that the father had purchased a house in Vancouver.  Despite the family’s valiant efforts to convince CBSA that the house was for investment purposes, and that they planned to move to Saskatchewan after spending one month with friends in Vancouver, their permanent resident visas were revoked. Our office received a panicked phone call from the real estate agent shortly thereafter.

A common trend in all of the cases has been that the PNP participants had no idea that CBSA was going to examine whether or not they actually intended to reside in their nominating province.  The goal of this post, using the guideline that CIC and CBSA use, is to provide an overview of the port of entry procedures for dealing with provincial nominees who indicate that they never intended or no longer intend to reside in the nominating province or territory.

The Procedure

It is important to understand that an individual does not obtain permanent resident status when they are issued a visa.  They are simply in possession of a permanent resident visa.  In order for a person to obtain permanent resident status, they have to land in Canada.

Landing is a legal, not a physical, concept.  Indeed, we often provide consultations to people in our downtown office that have not landed in Canada, even though they are obviously physically in the country.

Landing will generally require an interview with CBSA.  For provincial nominees, part of this interview will involve convincing the border officer of their intention to reside in their nominating province.

The Results

Individuals who convince CBSA that they intend to proceed to and reside in their province of nomination will be processed and provided permanent resident status, assuming that all other requirements of landing are met.

Individuals who indicate that they never intended, or no longer intend, to reside in their nominating province will be denied permanent resident status and may have an inadmissibility report written against them.  Such people may also be barred from returning to Canada for two years for misrepresentation.

Individuals who indicate that while they intended to reside in their nominating province during the application process, but have since changed their mind and no longer intend to reside in the nominating province, may also be denied permanent resident status, and have an inadmissibility report written against them.

A Warning to Representatives

It behooves immigration consultants and lawyers to be honest with their clients about the requirements of participation in a provincial nomination program.  If an applicant declares to CBSA that his/her representative advised him/her that residence in the province of nomination is not a requirement, then CBSA will record that representative’s name, and store the information.  It is not difficult to imagine the consequences of being on such a list.

ATIP Result

The following memo from CBSA to its officers briefly touches on many of the points above.

 


6 thoughts on “PNP Participants Denied Entry at the Border

  1. This is not true.
    CBSA has no authority to cancel or invalidate the permanent visa issued by the Canadian embassy on the behalf of Canadian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

    1. First, there’s no such thing as the Canadian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. I think what you are referring to is the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. In any case, it is not DFAIT which issues visas, it is Citizenship and Immigration Canada, a completely separate organization.

      That aside, it is not CBSA which cancels the visa. Citizenship and Immigration Canada is the agency that officially cancels / revokes a visa. However, as the Operational Bulletin makes clear, people in possession of permanent resident visas under the Provincial Nomination Program have to convince CBSA officers of their intention to reside in the nominating province. If they fail to do so, then CBSA can deny entry, and refer the matter to CIC.

  2. That seems to be true as what I have heard from some friends. For those who have been able to convince CBSA(thus have been grantee PR status), but decide NOT to live in the province which nominated them, will the CIC have legal ground to go after them?

  3. What is the procedure if you land in a province which nominated you…stay there for 1 year and then move…can the CIC still cancel you PR..

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