Evaluating the BC PNP Business Program

On February 17, 2015, the Province of British Columbia published the results of the following FOI request:

Specific fields of data, tabulated by year for the past four years, within the Performance Agreements for Business Immigration including: the number of agreements signed, investment amount committed and number of jobs committed as well as the agreements fulfilled, the actual investment amounts and actual number of jobs. Timeframe is 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2014.

The FOI results are embedded below.  There are many things that one can conclude from the data.  What is clear is that except for 2012, the “performance agreement success rate” is around 50%.


Introducing the Start-Up Business Class

On March 28, 2013, Citizenship and Immigration Canada (“CIC”) revealed the details of the Start-Up Business Class, and announced that it will begin accepting applications on April 1, 2013.  The Start-Up Business Class is a new federal economic immigration program, and joins the Federal Skilled Worker Class, the Canadian Experience Class, the Provincial Nominee Class, and the Federal Skilled Trades Class.  The Start-Up Business Class will be open until March 31, 2018.

Program Requirements

A foreign national will be eligible to apply to the Start-Up Business Class if they meet all of the following requirements:

  1. The foreign national has obtained a commitment from a Designated Angel Investor Group of at least $75,000 in a “qualifying business” or two or more Designated Angel Investor Groups that together will be investing a total of at least $75,000 in a business.  Alternatively, a foreign national will meet this first criteria if he/she obtains a commitment from a Designated Venture Capital Fund of at least $200,000 or two or more designated venture capital funds that together will be investing a total of at least $200,000 in the qualifying business.
  2. The foreign national has taken an English or French language test and obtained a minimum of Canadian Benchmark Level 5 in Speaking, Listening, Reading, and Writing.
  3. The foreign national has completed at least one year of post-secondary education.  Completion of a credential is not required.
  4. The foreign national has in the form of transferable and available funds, unencumbered by debt and other obligations, an amount that is equal to one half of the Statistics Canada low-income cut off.

Up to five foreign nationals can apply under the same business.  A qualifying business will generally be a corporation that is carrying on business in Canada in which each applicant (up to that maximum of 5) holds 10% or more of the voting rights attached to all shares, and no  person other than a visa applicant holds 50% or more of the total voting shares of the corporation.  (An unincorporated business can still qualify if its incorporation is conditional on the issuance of a permanent resident visa to one or more applicants in respect of the business.)

People considering applying with other foreign nationals in one business should be aware that if CIC refuses a permanent resident visa to one applicant in a business, then all other applicants in the business will also be refused visas.

List of Designated Angel Investor Groups and Designated Venture Capital Funds

CIC has released the list of Designated Angel Investor Groups and Designated Venture Capital Funds.  They are:

Designated Angel Investor Groups

Angel One Network Inc.
First Angel Network Association
Golden Triangle Angel Network

Designated Venture Capital Funds

Advantage Growth (No.2) L.P.
BDC Venture Capital
Blackberry Partners Fund II LP (d.b.a. Relay Ventures Fund II)
Celtic House Venture Partners Fund III L.P.
Celtic House Venture Partners Fund IV LP
DRI Capital Inc.
Golden Opportunities Fund Inc.
INOVIA CAPITAL INC.
New Brunswick Innovation Foundation Inc.
Northwater Intellectual Property Fund
OMERS Ventures Management Inc.
Ontario SME Capital Corporation
Panagea Ventures Fund III, LP
PRIVEQ III Limited Partnership
PRIVEQ IV Limited Partnership
Quorum Investment Pool Limited Partnership
Quorum Secured Equity Trust
Rho Canada Ventures
Summerhill Venture Partners Management Inc.
Tandem Expansion Management Inc.
Vanedge Capital Limited Partnership
Version One Ventures
Wellington Financial LP
Westcap Mgt. Ltd.
Yaletown Venture Partners Inc.

More information about the Start-Up Business Class can be found here: