The Citizenship Exam consists of 20 multiple choice questions.
Some sample questions are:
A) What are three responsibilities of citizenship?
- Being loyal to Canada, recycling newspapers, serving in the navy, army or air force?
- Obeying the law, taking responsibility for oneself and one’s family, serving on a jury.
- Learning both official languages, voting in elections, belonging to a union.
- Buying Canadian products, owning your own business, using less water.
B) What is the meaning of the Remembrance Day poppy?
- To remember our Sovereign, Queen Elizabeth II.
- To celebrate Confederation.
- To honour prime ministers who have died.
- To remember the sacrifice of Canadians who have served or died in wars up to the present day.
C) How are Members of Parliament chosen?
- They are appointed by the United Nations.
- They are chosen by the provincial premiers.
- They are elected by voters in their local constituency (riding).
- They are elected by landowners and police chiefs.
D) How does a bill become a law?
- The Lieutenant Governor must approve the bill.
- Approval by a majority in the House of Commons and Senate and finally the Governor General.
- The Queen must sign the bill.
- Approval by the Members of the Legislative Assembly.
E) What was the Women’s Suffrage Movement?
- The effort by women to achieve the right to vote.
- The effort by women to participate in military service.
- An unsuccessful movement to get husbands to do housework.
- The effort by women to be in Parliament.
The pass rate for the citizenship exam has fluctuated dramatically in the last several years. Prior to the introduction of the new exam based on the Discover Canada manual, it was around 96%. Immediately after the introduction of Discover Canada it plunged to around 70%. Several difficult questions were pulled, and the pass rate currently sits at around 83%. Statistics show that there is not a great variation in the pass rate based on age, however, education level is a strong indicator. Counter-intuitively, the longer someone has been a permanent resident at the time they write the test the less likely it is that the person will pass.
Applicants who fail the written test are referred to a hearing with a citizenship judge.