Moratorium on Labour Market Opinions for the Food Services Sector

30th Apr 2014 Comments Off on Moratorium on Labour Market Opinions for the Food Services Sector

Last Updated on April 30, 2014 by Steven Meurrens

On April 24, 2014, Jason Kenney, the Minister of Employment and Social Development, abruptly announced a moratorium on the Food Services Sector’s ability to participate in the Labour Market Opinion (“LMO”) program. Effective immediately, Service Canada will refuse to process LMO applications from employers in the Food Services Sector.  As well, all current LMOs for employers the Food Services Sector are suspended.

The Businesses that are Affected

The businesses that are affected are employers that are classified in the 2002 North American Industrial Classification System as Food Services and Drinking Places.

This industry comprises establishments that are primarily engaged in preparing meals, snacks, and beverages for immediate consumption on and off the premises.  It does not include food services activities that occur within establishments such as hotels, civic and social associations, amusement and recreation parks, and theatres.  However, leased food-service locations in facilities such as hotels, shopping malls, airports, and department stores are included.

Examples of businesses which are included include:

  • Full-Service Restaurants
  • Limited-Service Eating Places
  • Mobile Food Services
  • Food Services Contractors (such as establishments that provide food services to airlines, and operations that run food concessions at sports and similar venues)
  • Caterers
  • Drinking Places

Examples of businesses which are not included in the moratorium include:

  • Organizations that prepare and/or deliver food for the needy
  • Theatre Companies and Dinner Theatres
  • Vending Machine Operators
  • Direct Selling Establishments (such as organizations that sell fruit, vegetables, and other non-prepared food items from mobile equipment)
  • Civic and Social Organizations (that operate a bar for their members)

The Occupations that are Included

For the Food Services Sector,

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Language Requirements for Immigration (IR-11)

Language Requirements for Immigration (IR-11)

17th Apr 2014 Comments Off on Language Requirements for Immigration (IR-11)

Last updated on May 5th, 2021

Last Updated on May 5, 2021 by Steven Meurrens

During the time that I have been writing this blog the most frequently asked question that readers have asked me is whether their IELTS band scores are sufficient for certain immigration programs.  Some people have even offered to book initial consultations with me just so that I would review their IELTS scores.  This has always been somewhat surprising to me given that the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (“IRCC) website publishes each of its program’s respective language requirements in a clear and concise manner.

Indeed, it is not just members of the general public that seem to be confused.  As shown in the exchange below, which I obtained through an Access to Information Act request, some immigration lawyers are unclear of the requirements.  (Please note that what I have reproduced below should not be viewed as legal advice.  The reproduction of question and answer has not occurred with the affiliation of the Government of Canada, nor with the endorsement of the Government of Canada.)

Question – May 21, 2013

Dear Sir/ Madam,

I have been referred to your office, by Karen Flynn, of NHQ-Immigration in Ottawa, her phone number is _______.

I practice immigration law in Toronto, and I have the following question, regarding the Federal Skilled Worker Class, in light of the recent changes, in effect, as of May 4, 2013:

  • the IETLS benchmark is CLB 7, i.e. 6 points, for each ability. If the results of a foreign national are, for example, in 1, or 2, or 3 abilities in the CLB 8 or higher, but 1 ability, or 2,

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The Citizenship Test

The Citizenship Test

1st Apr 2014 Comments Off on The Citizenship Test

Last Updated on April 1, 2014 by Steven Meurrens

All applicants for Canadian citizenship between 18 and 54 years of age are required to take the Citizenship Test.  (As previously noted on this blog, on February 6, 2014, the Government of Canada introduced the The Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act, which will soon change the age requirement to all applicants aged 14-64.  As will be shown in the statistics below, this will likely result in a decrease in the Citizenship Test pass rate.)

The Citizenship Test is generally the final step before the citizenship ceremony.  Considering that the current processing time for citizenship currently exceeds 24 months, and is often much longer, most applicants greet CIC’s request of them to attend a citizenship exam with relief.  Applicants should remember to study though, as failing the Citizenship Test is the most common reason for citizenship application refusals. 

Processing Times  Grant of CitizenshipDiscover Canada

The Citizenship Test assess an applicant’s knowledge of Canada and the responsibilities and privileges of Canadian citizenship.   All questions are based on Citizenship and Immigration Canada’s (“CIC”) Discover Canada, which can be read on CIC’s website here. Discover Canada’s Table of Contents shows that it consists of the following chapters:

Retesting Applicants who Fail the Citizenship Test

Failing the Citizenship Test does not result in the automatic refusal of a citizenship application.  

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