Who Can Be Sponsored

28th Apr 2015 Comments Off on Who Can Be Sponsored

Last Updated on April 28, 2015 by Steven Meurrens

One of the questions that we are most frequently asked is which family members can be sponsored under Canada’s family reunification programs.  Most people rightly assume that Canadian citizens and/or permanent residents can sponsor their spouses, children, and parents.  However, many also wonder about sponsoring siblings, cousins, nieces, nephews, etc.

Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations, SOR/2002-227 (“IRPR“), provide that a Canadian citizen / permanent resident (the “Sponsor“) may sponsor the Sponsor’s spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner.  A “spouse” is the Sponsor’s husband or wife.  A “common-law partner” is someone who the Sponsor has cohabited with in a conjugal relationship for a period of at least one year. A “conjugal partner” is someone who the Sponsor has been in a conjugal relationship with for a period of at least one year, but who for exceptional circumstances the Sponsor has neither been able to marry nor cohabit with.  It most commonly applies to same-sex relationships where the couple is unable to cohabit or marry due to fear of persecution or penal control.

IRPR also provides that a Sponsor may sponsor the Sponsor’s dependent child.  A “dependent child” is a child who is the biological or adopted child of the Sponsor, and who is under the age of 19 and is not married or in a common-law partnership.  If the child is over 19, then the child must have depended substantially on the financial support of the parent since before the age of 19, and be unable to be financially self-supporting due to a physical or mental condition.

A Sponsor may also sponsor his/her mother, father, grandfather, or grandmother.

While the above three scenarios are commonly well known,

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Several LMIA Changes Taking Effect April 30, 2015

21st Apr 2015 Comments Off on Several LMIA Changes Taking Effect April 30, 2015

Last Updated on April 21, 2015 by Steven Meurrens

The Ministry of Employment and Social Development (“ESDC”) has announced that there will be several changes to the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (“TFWP”) that will take effect on April 30, 2015.

The changes are:

  • Implementation of new High and Low-wage Streams
  • Updating the Provincial / Territorial Median Hourly Wages
  • Increasing Worker Protections
  • Modifying the Method for Calculating the Cap on Low Wage Positions
  • Implementing the Labour Market Impact Assessment (“LMIA”) system fully in Quebec
  • Updating Regions of Refusal to Process

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What if You Created an Investor Program and No One Applied?

8th Apr 2015 Comments Off on What if You Created an Investor Program and No One Applied?

Last Updated on April 8, 2015 by Steven Meurrens

The following article appeared in the April edition of The Canadian Immigrant.


On Jan. 28, 2015, Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) launched the replacement to the federal investor immigration program, called the immigrant investor venture capital pilot program. CIC was apparently so confident about demand for the new program that it announced that it would only accept applications to the new program for two weeks, or until a maximum of 500 applications were received, whichever came first. It soon became apparent that no one was applying to the new program, and on Feb. 13, CIC quietly announced that it was extending its two-week deadline until April 15.

The question thus has to be asked … has CIC created an immigrant investor program that no one is interested in?

Old immigrant investor program

Under the old federal investor immigration program, investor immigrants had to make a five-year $800,000 interest-free loan to the Government of Canada, have a net worth of CDN $1.6 million, and have two years of qualifying business experience. The program was first-come-first-served, and applicants were not required to possess any English or French language skills.

In 2014, the Government of Canada ended the investor immigration program and terminated all existing applications that were in processing. This resulted in roughly 65,000 individuals having their Canadian permanent residency applications cancelled.

Pilot program requirements

Under the new immigrant investor venture capital pilot program, immigrant investors will be required to make a $2-million investment for 15 years into what CIC is calling a “fund of funds” operated by the Business Development Bank of Canada. Applicants will have no say over how the “fund of funds” operates,

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