Humanitarian & Compassionate Applications

23rd Mar 2021 Comments Off on Humanitarian & Compassionate Applications

Last updated on April 5th, 2021

Last Updated on April 5, 2021 by Steven Meurrens

People who would not normally be eligible to become permanent residents of Canada may be able to apply on humanitarian and compassionate (“H&C“) grounds.

Humanitarian and compassionate grounds apply to people with exceptional cases.

Here are 2020 approval statistics for humanitarian & compassionate class applications.

Sample Decisions

Below are sample H&C decisions that were used in an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada training session.

For each example, IRCC provided a chat to show a portion of the officer’s decision-making steps to describe context of the application.

As can be seen, a big deficiency in many H&C applications is the applicant not providing documentary examples to substantiate their assertions in claim.

The H&C requests were based on the following situations:

  • Domestic violence in Mexico from two former partners
  • Discrimination in Japan
  • Criminal gangs in Honduras
  • Members of a drug cartel
  • Land dispute
  • Adverse country conditions in Bulgaria
  • Membership in a political party
  • Adverse country conditions in China
  • Adverse country conditions in Fiji
  • Religious discrimination in Bangladesh

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Statistics on Removals

20th Mar 2021 Comments Off on Statistics on Removals

Last Updated on March 20, 2021 by Steven Meurrens

The following PDF contains internal Canada Border Services Agency documentation regarding removals from 2012-2019.

It includes removals broken down by inadmissibility, the number of administrative deferrals of removals, yearly removal priorities, breakdowns by top country, cost of removals, the number of outstanding removal orders and temporary suspensions of removal.

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Migration Office Overview – Berlin

18th Mar 2021 Comments Off on Migration Office Overview – Berlin

Last Updated on March 18, 2021 by Steven Meurrens

The following is the 2018 Migration Office Overview for Berlin.

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Tips on Hiring a Representative

17th Mar 2021 Comments Off on Tips on Hiring a Representative

Last Updated on March 17, 2021 by Steven Meurrens

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (“IRCC”) will often tell people that they do not need to hire a lawyer or consultant in order to immigrate to Canada.  They are right.


In 2018 IRCC approved 191,337 applications for permanent residence.


Of these, 7,334 were represented by a lawyer, 11,262 were represented by a regulated consultant, 52,066 were represented by a family member or friend, and 191,337 had no representative.


IRCC in 2018 also approved 17,678 applications in which there was a lawyer as representative, 17,554 in which there was a regulated consultant, 258,802 in which the representative was a family member or a friend, and 2,448,311 in which the person was unrepresented.


While the above statistics do not show approval rates or refusals, which are not publicly available nor do I possess, and it is possible that there is a prevalence of ghost representation that is not reflected in the statistics, the approval figures certainly demonstrate that it is not necessary to hire a representative to immigrate to Canada.


Do You Need a Lawyer


When someone asks whether they need a representative in their application I typically tell them to review the IRCC website, forms and document checklists and to then decide whether they are comfortable submitting an application on their own.  If they are not, then they should hire a representative, or at least schedule a consultation with one to discuss what is causing them to be uncomfortable.


For those individuals who are more or less comfortable with the material on the IRCC website,

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Approaching Members of Parliament

8th Mar 2021 Comments Off on Approaching Members of Parliament

Last Updated on March 8, 2021 by Steven Meurrens

A frequent question that people ask is what role their Member of Parliament can play in assisting them.


In my opinion, the biggest role an MP can play is getting a timely status update.  MPs typically can get an update in 48 hours, as opposed to 30 days for an Access to Information Act request or 14 days for a Case Specific Enquiry.




MPs can also write letters on files. As Justice Ahmed noted in Nagarasa v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2018 FC 313, visa officers have to take these letters into consideration when assessing applications.

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