Borderlines Podcast #81 – Artificial Intelligence and Differential Decision Outcome Concerns, with Sean Rehaag

Steven MeurrensUncategorized

Sean Rehaag is an Associate Professor at Osgoode Hall Law School, the Director of the Centre for Refugee Studies and the Director of the Refugee Law Laboratory.

Today we discuss his use of GPT to conduct legal research, artificial intelligence and decision making, differential results in Federal Court and Immigration and Refugee Board decisions, and how to identify if differential outcomes are actually a problem or significant.

2:00 Using GPT to conduct research.
14:00 Issues with unreported decisions or decisions lacking precedential value. Do all decisions need to have precedential value given that it results in inconsistent jurisprudence?
19:00 AI making decisions vs. AI helping to write decisions.
22:00 Bias in decision making in LGBT claims around physical appearance.
28:00 AI leading to uniformity in decision making.
38:00 The receptiveness of the Federal Court to research into judicial decision making.
42:00 Forum shopping as a result of judicial research.
46:00 Should AI play a role in helping judges write decisions.
52:00 Baker as an example of transparency in decision making.
54:00 Is it possible to tell if AI is starting to render unintended decisions?
1:05 Trauma in refugee decision making.
1:14 How do you decide if differential results are problematic? For example, asylum claims for lesbians are higher than gay which is also higher than bi. Is this a problem?