To submit a Canadian citizenship application, an individual generally needs to meet the following requirements:
- have permanent resident status in Canada;
- meet a physical presence in Canada test. Specifically, they must have lived in Canada for at least 1,095 days in the 5 years before they apply;
- demonstrate language proficiency, unless they are exempt due to age;
- not have a recent criminal record or be under investigation for a crime;
- have filed Canadian income taxes, if required; and
- pass a citizenship test.
A person is required to be physically present in Canada for at least 1095 days during the 5 years immediately preceding the date of application. Time spent in Canada before become a permanent resident may be used. Each day spent physically in Canada as a temporary resident or protected person within the last five years, before becomming a permanent resident, will count as one half day, with a maximum of 365 days towards one’s physical presence.
All applicants 18-54 years of age must submit proof that demonstrates adequate knowledge of English or French. Acceptable proof includes:
- Results from a third-party language test.
- Proof of having attended a secondary or post-secondary education program in English or French, either in Canada or abroad.
- Proof of achieving Canadian Language Benchmark/Niveau de competence linguistique canadien (CLB/NCLC) level 4 or higher in speaking and listening skills through certain government-funded language training programs.
Duolingo is not accepted as proof of meeting the language requirement.
The following PDF shows how IRCC screens for completeness of citizenship application, and should be useful to those reviewing their applications.Citizenship Checklists
Training Course Material
The following PDF consists of IRCC training material for the processing of citizenship applications.Citizenship Course