Enforcement Manual 14 – Rehabilitation


Citizenship and Immigration Canada’s Enforcement Manual 14 – Criminal Rehabilitation (the “CIC Rehab Manual“) does not appear on its website. The CIC Rehab Manual provides direction and guidance to visa and border officers concerning the deemed rehabilitation and rehabilitation provisions for persons who are criminally inadmissible to Canada.


Please note that what I have reproduced below should not be viewed as legal advice by IRCC. The reproduction of the material below has not occurred with the affiliation of the Government of Canada, nor with the endorsement of the Government of Canada. As well, given the nature of internal documents, some of the information may be out of date.

The IRCCRehab Manual is divided into parts as outlined below.

Chapter 1 – What this Chapter is About

Chapter 2 – Program Objectives

Chapter 3 – The Act and Regulations

Chapter 4 – Instruments and Delegation

Chapter 5 – CIC Policy – Criminal Inadmissibility

  • Deemed rehabilitation – essential elements
  • Individual rehabilitation – essential elements

Chapter 6 – Definitions

Chapter 7 – Procedure: Deemed Rehabilitation

  • When are deemed rehabilitation provisions applicable? 
  • When are deemed rehabilitation provisions not applicable?
  • Applying deemed rehabilitation
  • At a port of entry
  • Applications at a visa office

Chapter 8 – Individual rehabilitation at CIC, POE, or visa office

Chapter 9 – Application for Criminal Rehabilitation Kit

Chapter 10 – Procedural Fairness

Chapter 11 – Interview Considerations

Chapter 12 – Documentation

  • Mandatory documentation
  • Optional documentation

Chapter 13 – Determination of Criminal Equivalency 

  • Canadian statute considerations
  • Foreign statute considerations.

Chapter 14 – Procedure: Conversion of Foreign Monetary Values for Criminal Equivalence 

Chapter 15 – Procedure: Commission of act or omission

Chapter 16 – Calculation of the start date of the five-year or 10-year period

Chapter 17 – Criminal profile description and rehabilitation factors

Chapter 18 – Procedure: Requests for Additional Documentation from Applicant

Chapter 19 – Processing Fee

Chapter 20 – Submission of Rehabilitation Application

Chapter 21 – Officer’s Recommendation at POE, CIC & visa office

Chapter 22 – Implementing the Decision

  • Rendering and recording the decision
  • Advising the Client of a Positive Decision
  • Advising the Client of a Negative Decision

Chapter 23 – Entering Rehabilitation Requests into FOSS/GCMS

Chapter 24: Procedure: Should applicant be considered under the Young Offenders Act

Chapter 25: Procedure: Pardons for convictions in Canada

Chapter 26: Procedure: Pardon and criminal rehabilitation both requested

Chapter 27: Pardons outside Canada

Chapter 28 – Roles and Responsibilities in individual rehabilitation Process

Appendixes: Sample Letters