Anyone who presents themselves at a Canadian port of entry is making an application to enter Canada.  As such, that person is subject to an examination by an officer.  The purpose of such an examination is to determine whether or not the person can enter Canada as a visitor, student or foreign worker, and also to determine whether the individual is inadmissible to Canada.

Canadian immigration legislation requires that a person who is under examination must answer truthfully all questions put to them and also produce all relevant documents and information that an officer requires.

An officer during an examination can also compel a person to appear at a later date for further questioning.

When an Examination Ends

The examination of a person who seeks to enter Canada ends only when:

  • a determination is made that the person has a right to enter Canada, or is authorized to enter Canada as a temporary resident or permanent resident, the person is authorized to leave the port of entry at which the examination takes place and the person actually leaves the port of entry;
  • if the person is an in-transit passenger, the person departs from Canada;
  • the person is authorized to withdraw their application to enter Canada and an officer verifies their departure from Canada; or
  • an officer determines that someone is inadmissible to Canada and the person leaves the port of entry.

Refugee Claimants

There are special rules for when examination ends for refugee claimants.  In order to understand these rules, it is important to understand the process that a refugee claimant goes through when they file their initial claim.

When an individual makes a refugee claim when they are entering Canada,

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